Nada Jafer MH Radhi

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq


  • Review Article   
    Gingival Health Status among Pregnant Women in Urban and Rural Areas in Al-Karkh-Baghdad
    Author(s): Maimonah Tariq Abed* and Nada Jafer MH Radhi

    Background: Pregnancy is a stressful disorder that causes significant changes in metabolic and physiological functions extent. Pregnancy may aggravate inflammatory response of the gingiva to plaque. The impact of systemic circumstances on the host's cellular and immunologic activities appear to be the cause of this altered response, while microbial plaque remains the key causative component. Even in the presence of minimal quantities of plaque, the incidence and severity of gingival inflammation can increase during pregnancy, which is an example of an altered host response due to systematic influences. Increased estrogen and progesterone levels in pregnant women during the third trimester have been linked to increased gingivitis severity by replacing nutritional demands for particular oral bacteria and promoting their proliferation. Materials and.. Read More»

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